English lesson 120

“Describe the differences between Northup’s response to separation from his children and Eliza’s response to separation from her children.”

To understand the situation you need to know that Northup’s was a free man at birth, and that his children were born free.  Northups children were free and in the north with his wife.  Eliza’s children were taken from her and sold to different masters, and Northup said that she might not see her again.

Eliza’s children were born in slavery and same with Eliza.  So that is also a difference.  Eliza and her children were promised to be free when their master died, and they were just sold, and stayed in slavery.  Once a slave, almost always a slave.  Slavery was a corrupt thing in the north.

She was even so depressed that it seemed logical to talk to her children, even though they weren’t there. Eliza was clearly more emotional about it than Northup was.

“Well, Northup didn’t really think about his children much the first couple of days, because he just thought that he would be gone a few days then return to his family with some extra pocket money. But apparently that wan’t the case. I don’t recall exactly what the book says about it, but I’m sure he was devastated. Comparing that to Eliza’s reaction to her own separation, it sounds like she clearly wasn’t expecting it, because it was just all of a sudden, Emily (Eliza’s daughter) was there one moment and gone the next. She was upset, and she showed it”

I am not the only one who agrees.

“Eliza, being a mother, had a much harder time when separated from her children than Northup. She practically gave up on life, without her children she had nothing to protect or nothing to live for. Northup’s response had less emotion, while Eliza had to stand back and watch men take her children, Northup didn’t fully process the fact that his old life and family were gone until several days after they left. Northup also harbored the fact that he was born a free man and therefore had a much better chance of seeing his children again. Eliza was born a slave and knew the chances of her reuniting with her children are close to none.”

It is three of us who agree.


English Lesson 110

“What was Thomson’s theory of the relationship between sanctions and slavery?”

Thomson was born a slave and hated it.  He was born in the year of 1812.  (If you do not know what this date represents let me tell you.  It is the date when the Canadians/United Kingdom and the Americans were at war.  This war lasted from June 1812 to February 1815.)  Having no freedom is probably what he hated as well.  He hated to be whipped, and told several stories when slaves were whipped till the skin on their back came off.  Most slaves then choose to kill overseers in order to be hanged and not be wiped.  One story in the book is when the owner whipped his slave till you could see his intestines moving inside of him.  Cruel wiping.  The only time the owners kill a slave is if they kill an overseer or someone else.  Slaves were property back during slavery, and could be sold whenever or wherever you wanted.  Be glad that slavery is banned in the USA.  Slaves then usually did not get payed for their work.  Well, they did get payed but not with money, more like with food and shelter and clothes, even though the food they got was not the best quality, and the clothes would be uncomfortable.  The shelter would be log cabins that had gaps in the walls, and everywhere in the caban.  This is the setting for a cruel slave owner.  The other slave owners would have better shelter, with less or no gaps, and they would probably still get the non nutritious food as the cruel owner gave, but they would get more.

Thomson believed that God would impose negative sanctions on the cruel, and unmerciful slave owners.  These are the slave owners that would whipped slaves without cause.  He thought that the entire system would be destroyed, which it did later during the American Civil war.  He told stories of cruel slave owners dying.  One of the cruel owners died three days later from a heart attack, while sitting on a gate, under it was a female slave with her neck under the gate.  If all of the slave owners were kind, and only whipped for doing something that is against the laws.  For instance, if they are walking around not hurting anyone, and you whipped him for nothing, then you would be considered a cruel master.  In the other hand if you don’t whip him or her, then you would be considered a good master.

So in conclusion, slavery was bad…….   Some of the owners were cruel……  And Abraham made a better America in the American Civil War.  Slavery was abolished, and now it is illegal to have slaves in America, but there is still countries that allow slavery.


The Korean war

The Korean war started in 1949, after WWII.  First in WWII, Japan controlled Korea, but when the Japanese lost the war, the USSR and the USA took different sides of Korea which would affect the country for years.  The USSR was a communist country, so the USSR took over the North side of the country and the USA took over the South side of the country, splitting the country in half at the 38th parallel line.  Both countries were hoping to unite Korea under one government, but the country split in half, with a democratic government in the South and a Communist government in the North, or more like a dictatorship in the North.

The two countries were split in 1945-1946.  North Korea invaded South Korea, nearly pushing the South Koreans off their land in three months.  That is when the Americans got involved in the war.  An officer named Douglas MacArthur invaded Korea at the 38th parallel, and took back the South Koreans land, and nearly pushed North Korea out of there land in three months.  Click here to see the difference ->.  |^|.

Then the Chinese invaded, supporting the communist side, pushed the Americans and the South Koreans back to the 38th parallel.  At this time no land was gained or lost.  Most of the battles where in the air with a new kind of plane.  The plane was called a Jet, invented by a german.  The two jets in the war where the American F-86 sabre, and the USSR jet was called MiG-15.  These jets were in air battles called dogfights.  Most of the fighting was from the dogfights.

After 3 years, 1 month, and 2 days, they called a ceasefire, but there was no treaty.  Now as you look at a map at night on Korea, the first thing you will see is that North Korea is dark and South Korea is all lit up. Korea at night, from NASA.

Thanks for reading this essay, and I will see you next time.

English 101-115

Chapter: 1

Jarom’s First Battle

Jarom walked into the president’s office early that morning.  It was December 7, 1941.  The president told Jarom what had just happened.  He even told Jarom who did it and what they now had in store for them.  Japan had just bombed Pearl Harbor.  The new weapon they had was known as the nuke.  He didn’t tell him all about the nuke, except that it could destroy an entire city.

After the meeting with the president, Jarom went to the war Generals office.  He was put at a higher rank than he was before.  Jarom was a bush pilot, and now he was the Captain of three ships known as the USS Adams, the USS Iowa and the USS Captain.

Jarom said, “But I have only been a bush pilot for 1 year 11 months and 5 days, how can I be at that rank for nearly 2 years of service?”

The war General in reply said, “We see a great leader in you Jarom, you have saved the lives of many pilots, and have even lead them into battle and have found the enemy’s base in WWI.  So you are going to be a great Captain, and many will look up to you.”

Jarom said, “Okay, when do I leave with my crew?”

War General said, “You set sail on March 8 1942.”

Jarom replied, “But that is in 3 months and 1 day’s time.  Shouldn’t I leave sooner, as of January?”

War General replied, “No, you will have to wait for the men to fix your ship.”

Captain Jarom flew on the next plane to Hawaii, the island O’ahu.  He left on March 5, 1942.  He looked at the ship he was going to use.  It was made out of wood covered in 1 in thick steel, and was powered by a steam engine that would not propel the ship fast at all.  “This ship would not hold up in battle”, thought Captain Jarom. He spent the next three day’s on the island in getting things for the trip.  He thought to himself: I am going to be out at sea for the rest of the war.  Who knows what could happen?

Finally the day for departure arrived, and Jarom set sail for Japan at 12pm on the USS Adams.  He and his crew sailed out of the Harbor with two other ships which were not under his command.  They were both headed in the direction of Japan.  Captain Jarom could see that they were battleships and were to embark with him to Japan.

Japan was 3,815 miles away. Captain Jarom and the two other ships only met Japanese ships 1,725 miles from Pearl Harbor.  Captain Jarom and the other two ships had been traveling for 10 days and now they were at their first battle.  The Japanese seeing three ships to five, came towards our fleet, but Jarom and the other two ships didn’t flee.  At 5 pm Jarom started to fire.  Japanese seeing this returned the fire and hit the USS Adams, damaging the ship really badly.  The other two ships had armor that was a foot thick.  They fired and destroyed one of the Japanese ships.  Another shot was fired at the USS Adams which nearly sunk the ship.  The USS Adams was on fire.  The inner of the hull was built out of wood, and the armor was steel.  The ship just burned on and that is when the Japanese fired again.  The ship exploded.  They had just hit the gun powder.  The ship just sank.  Jarom was just able to get off and onto a row boat.

The other two ships at this point had sunk 3 of the Japanese ships.  The remaining two fled at full speed.  I had won the first battle out at sea.  Captain Jarom went back to Pearl Harbor to get his next ship to go on with the war.  Getting back took 20 days, because the ships were both damaged.  When they got back to O’ahu, the captains went their separate ways and never saw each other again.

Captain Jarom’s new ship was called USS Iowa.  The class was a Battleship.  This battleship had 9 16in 50 cal Mark 7 guns.  Jarom obtained a call from the war General.  He said, “You did great on your first battle, and now I want you to set sail tomorrow for Japan.  There is a fleet of ships going to Japan’s main port.  Go their and destroy the port with a fleet of ships under your command.”

Captain Jarom got everything he needed, and left Pearl Harbor on April 8, 1942 with a fleet of 10 ships.  The plan was to sail to Russia, and then work their way down to Japan.  On their way to Russia, they traveled into a storm that killed 10 of the men. Captain Jarom and the fleet of ships made it to Japan in 20 days.

Chapter: 2

Getting a New ship

About 1 mile from Japan, Captain Jarom ordered the fleet of ships to wait until nightfall.  It was 10 am, and they had just finish having breakfast, and were going to exercise.  At 12 pm, they had lunch.  After lunch at 1 pm, Captain Jarom and the rest of the fleet looked over the plan to destroy the Japanese main harbor.

Captain Jarom and the fleet were only a mile from Japan, so the Japanese radar could pick up the ships.  At 5 pm the Japanese saw the ships moving towards Japan, getting closer and closer.  Japan ordered a fleet of 10 ships to meet the ten ships coming into destroy the main port.  Japan didn’t know the plan, but guessed that they were going to inflict harm.

At 8 pm, the two sides met.  The Japanese fired first, at the USS Maine.  In return, all of the American ships fired back, targeting one ship at a time.  The battle was not part of the plan, but they agreed, that if something like this were to happen, they would destroy one ship at a time.  The Japanese ship sunk in an instant.  Japanese fired again, and hit the USS New Jersey on one of the 16in 50 cal Mark 7 gun.  This disabled the gun.  The Americans again sunk another ship, splitting the ship in half, like the Titanic.

The Japanese fled, towards Japan’s main harbor, the fleet just followed.  That was a mistake.  The Japanese had one mine ship with them, placing mines as they went.  The USS Maryland struck one, and sunk.  Captain Jarom and the fleet moved west about 1 mile and then continued the pursuit.  They stayed about 1 mile from the mines and continued the pursuit pass Sumoto, a Japanese city.  The Japanese by the US radar, were 12 miles ahead of them.  The Japanese ships were headed to Hiroshima, a city in Japan that build Naval ships.

At 10 pm the US fleet reached Hiroshima, and on the radar the 8 Japanese battleships went up the river towards Asakita.  The US fleet opened fire on the cities port, destroying everything.  Then on the radar appeared missiles coming the way of the US fleet.  Captain Jarom ordered every ship to put on their gatling guns, to shoot the missiles as they came near.  A sudden roar of guns going off was heard, and the explosions of the missiles were seen.

The fleet continued to fire at the harbor, and at 5 am, they sailed off to O’ahu and fix up the ships, to fuel up on fuel, and to reload the guns with more ammo.  The fleet traveled straight for O’ahu.  On May 8th 1942, the fleet arrived at O’ahu.

“Captain”, said an unknown person.

“Yes”, replied Captain Jarom.

“I am the new soldier, who will be traveling on your ship”, replied the stranger.

“And what would be your name, sir?”, said Captain Jarom.

“My name, sir is Tray Nathan Brown.” said the stranger.

“Nice to meet you, Tray, um, I will appoint you to be one of the torpedo operators on the ship, any questions?” said Captain Jarom.

“No, and thanks Captain.” replied Tray.

“Okay, we leave port and go to Japan again in 20 days time.  That will leave you 20 days to practice.”  said Captain Jarom.

“If you need me at all Tray, then just call me, okay.” said Captain Jarom, and gave Tray his number.

The two gentlemen went and did their own things.  Captain Jarom went back to his room on the USS Iowa, and watched a movie.  The time was 5 pm.  The next morning Captain Jarom went to the beach, swam a mile and came back to the ship.  Tray, was making himself comfortable in his room with his room mates.  At 6 pm they all had supper and played cards.  The next day Captain Jarom went to the store, and got for himself, some chocolate, and chips.  When he was away, the crew fueled the ship, and load all of the ammo.

The next day they set sail, headed to Ka’ula, a small island just southwest of Niihau.  The crew were going target practicing for 12 days.  It was also to patrol the area for Japanese and German ships.  The first day patrolling, the Captain said, “open fire at the targets on the island.”  They did it and all the targets were destroyed.

Chapter: 3

Kade the New Captain

Kade, a citizen of two countries, is now in Pearl Harbor.  Kade was asked to be the Captain of two ships and one submarine.  Ten days earlier, Kade was called to go to the War General, to become a Captain.  Kade was 29 years old, and was now living in Logan Utah, which is up north from Salt Lake.  Kade’s father, and grandfather, and great grandfather, all served in some wars starting from the war of 1812, now to the WWII.  Kade did serve for 10 years in the navy.  He had seen many of the leaders killed.

Kade went to Pearl Harbor on May 9th 1942.  Kades first ship was called the USS Moody.  The USS Moody was a destroyer, not a Battleship.  Kade embarked on May 10, 1942, he was sailing to Nihoa, just northwestwest of Ka’ula.  The journey would take them 2 days, and they were to practice, and to keep an eye on the ships pacing by.

Kade, before he became Captain, was Chief Petty Officer.

Kade made it to the island in time.

After some days there at the island, Kade went back to O’ahu, Pearl Harbor.

Chapter: 4

The Cook at War

At Pearl Harbor, Kade went to the airport.  The war General, called on him, and said, “You have someone by the name of Fill coming with you to your first battle, with Germany.  He will be at the airport on May 30th, 1942.  Bytheway, he is a cook”.

When Fill arrived, Kade introduced himself.

Fill is 4.5 ft tall, and is only 25 years old.  Fills father died in WWI and his brother died at the attack of Pearl Harbor.  Fill is a Canadian and an American citizen.

Kade got orders from the War Office to start traveling to Germany.  He was ordered to go through the Panama canal, which is South from America and North from Colombia.  The Panama is in the country of Panama and is in the middle of the country.

The journey to the canal took Kade ten days.  After 11 days on the Pacific ocean and in the canal, the ship finally arrived in the Caribbean Sea.  Before crossing the Atlantic ocean, the ship had to stop at New York for more supplies and fuel.  This trip to New York took 5 days.  From New York Kade headed east to Germany.  The journey across the Atlantic ocean took Kade and his crew 8 days.

Kade’s first battle happened on June 24, 1942, off the coast of Germany.  Three German ships were seen on the horizon.  It was only 5pm, the men were eating supper.  The men finished their supper and got into the battle stations.  The ship number was even, with 3 on 3.  Kade had 2 battleships, and 1 destroyer which he was on.  The Germans, had 2 destroyers and one cruiser.  The Germans fired a missile, Kade in return fired the gatling gun.  The missile blow up in the air, making a bright flash of light, and a loud noise.

Kade went on the radio, and called for backup.  The backup, would only arrive in a days time.  The two other ships with Kade were called the USS North Carolina, and the USS New Mexico.  USS North Carolina was in control by Kayden, and the USS New Mexico was controlled by Bill.  Bill fired at the German ships hitting the one closest to him.  Damaging the ship badly, reloaded and fired again, destroying the ship, and sinking it.  The second German ship fired at Bill’s ship, damaging the ship.  Kade in return fired all of his guns full of ammo, hitting the German ship, and sank it.  The last German ship, poured out 9 explosive shoots on Kades ship, making Kades ship sink.  Kayden opened fire on the last German ship, blowing a chunk off of the bow of the ship.  Kade and the survivors were picked up by Bill’s ship, and taken to the backup ships.  Kade was then put on a jet with a pilot, and flown to Pearl Harbor.

Back at Pearl Harbor, Kade realized that it was Fill who gave the orders to fire, at one ship.  Kade thanked Fill and Fill got the medal of honor.

Kade got his new ship, the USS Moosbrugger, and set sail for Germany again.

Chapter: 5

Tray the Hero

Tray was walking on the poop deck, when he saw something in the distance that was, glittering.  Tray went to the command station, and grabbed some binoculars.  He looked out the window and saw a fleet of Japanese ships.  Tray told the Captain.  Captain Jarom said, “The radar is down and that one of the crew members had already spotted the fleet, and that they had already called for backup”.

Captain Jarom said, “Get to your station Tray, and prepare for a battle”.

Tray replied, “Yes sir”.

Tray ran down to the torpedo control room all the way down to the bottom of the ship.  Captain Jarom, on June 1st, 1942 was commanded to go to the Marshall Islands, which is west from the Hawaiian islands.  It was now June 30th 1942.

By the course of the ships, they came from the north, starting from Japan, and traveled south.  The US picked the island for building a special weapon, known as the burning laser.  The burning laser was not finished, and at 11 am, the Japanese ships, came up and fired at the weapon, destroying it with explosive shots.  Captain Jarom ordered every ship in his fleet, to target the closest ship, and to sink every ship, one by one.

All the US ships followed the order, and fired on the first two Japanese ships in the front of the Japanese fleet.  These two ships, in return, before they sunk, fired at the USS Iowa, destroying a 16in 50 cal Mark 7 gun in a fireball.  The USS Iowa was on fire, burning all of the wood.  A firefighting team came out in a rush to put out the fire, before it reached another 16in 50 cal Mark 7 gun.  The USS Iowa, fired a torpedo, Tray controlling it carefully, aimed it at the nearest ship, in the middle.  The hit instantly made a huge hole in the ship.  The Japanese, fired a torpedo, and sunk the USS Maryland.  Men from the USS Maryland, came swimming to the USS Iowa and the USS Florida.  Captain Jarom gave the order to flee, but not to stop the fight.

Both Captains ordered the crew to ready the missiles, and to target the closest ships.  Missile after missile was fired, the roar of them taking off, and the thundering hit and the sudden burst of flames, disabled the Japanese ships, one by one.  The Japanese fired missiles, and hit the USS Florida.  The loud thundering hit, and the bright flash of light, was seen and heard in an instant, on both ships.  USS Iowa fired another missile, which a Japanese sniper shot before it fully went out and away from the ship.  The damage that the missile created, was not as bad as the USS Florida, but it disabled the USS Iowa’s weapons.

The USS Florida, was hit by an explosive, projectile, which was not a missile, and disabled the ship’s weapons.  The Japanese had won the battle.  The Japanese persuade the American ship’s, for 5 days.  The Japanese continued to fire at the two ship’s.  On the fourth day, there were, five American ships on the horizon, coming to aid the two ships.  One of the ships coming to aid the USS Iowa and the USS Florida, was a aircraft carrier, called the USS Hornet.  The USS Hornet launched 10 fighter planes to attack and destroy the fleet of Japanese ships.

After a long battle between the planes and the ships, the Japanese fled.  The USS Iowa and the USS Florida, were escorted back to Pearl Harbor.

Chapter:  6

Fighting our way Home

Back at Pearl Harbor, the fleet of ships that aided the USS Iowa and the USS Florida, went into port, and the two ships sailed for New York city, for the dry docks.  After 10 days of traveling, they ran into another fleet of enemy ships.  In the distance, Captain Jarom saw a fleet of American ships, casing the Japanese ships.  Captain Jarom order the torpedoes to load the torpedo launchers.

Tray, at the bottom of the ship, helped load up the launchers.  The torpedoes were heavy, and were not armed.  That was a good thing, for if they dropped one and it was armed, the torpedo would explode into a fireball, and destroy the hull of the ship.  The torpedo was placed in carefully, and armed.  They waited and waited, and then through the intercom, they heard fire, from the Captain, after they confirmed that it was a fleet of Japanese ships.

Tary and Bob, were controlling the torpedo, and after a minute after the launch of the torpedo, there was a solid hit, and then a loud clack of a thundering noise from the blast.  The Japanese, ship went up and then did a nose dive down into the ocean, sinking the ship in minutes.  The wave created from the ship, bobbed the other Japanese ships that were close by.  The men on board cheered, and then there was another loud bang, and they saw that a Japanese ship was hit again and rolled over on one side, hitting the Japanese ship beside it.

The Japanese fired their largest guns with explosive shot.  They fired, hitting the USS Florida, and destroying the deck of the ship, in on large fireball.  The Japanese slowed down and fired at the American ships behind them.  The fleet of American ships, fired missiles and the 16in 50 cal Mark 7 guns, at the Japanese, ships.  The USS Iowa and the USS Florida, continued to fire the torpedoes.  Ship after ship, the Japanese and the American fleet got smaller and smaller.  But with the aid of the two American ships that were already, damaged, the Americans won the battle.

After sinking all of the Japanese ships, and getting all of the survivors, The American fleet headed for New York city.

Sailing through the river was a difficult task.  Cargo ships left port every day to go, and trade with other countries.  The river was not that busy, but with two damaged ships being towed by two tug boats, just to get to the dry docks.  After two hours of being tugged up the river to the dry docks, Jarom went to look at the new ship, which was classified, and was a secret.

This ship was the same length as a standard battleship, but, had two gatling gun cannons that could fire 2 shots per second.  The guns were smaller than a 16in 50 cal Mark 7 gun, but were more powerful.  The ship was powered but steam, and could go 70 km/h, faster than any battleship on the ocean.  The hull was made out of aluminum, and the ship was called the USS Captain.

 Captain Jarom, took the ship for a test run, and also for a test fire.  He went to Santa Barbara Island, at the bottom of California, out west.  This island is a Marin island.  After several days traveling and shooting the island, Captain Jarom went to Pearl Harbor, to dock the ship, and get it ready for the next fight, with Germany.

Chapter: 7

Captain Kade’s Ship Sinks

On the way to Germany, sailing through the Panama canal.  Captain Kade saw a German ship in front of him, going through the canal to.  The German ship was 500 yds in front of the USS Moosbrugger, traveling, 40 km/hr.  Captain Kade, as soon as he was all the way up the canal doors, went after the German ship.  Instead of firing at the ship, Captain Kade waited, to get out of the large canal, and into the ocean, and then, he would fire.  Ten hours past, from start to finish.  In another 2 hours on the ocean, chasing the German ship, Captain Kade heard a explosion go off.  Captain Kade looked on land and then the ocean, and found that the noise came from the German ship, that just hit a mine.  Captain Kade rushed to their aid, and captured 25 German men.

Captain Kade, then set sail for San Pedro, near Los Angeles, and Long Beach.  Captain Kade delivered the prisoners there, and left for Germany, again.  Captain Kade set sail, for Germany, and arrived at the Panama Canal on July 24, 1942.  On July 30, 1942, Captain Kade arrived in New York City, to get supplies for the trip to Germany.  On August 8th, 1942, Captain Kade arrived in the sea next to Germany.  North Sea.

Captain Kade waited for 3 days before he saw German ships, out in the distance.  Captain Kade ordered that a torpedo must be launched to sink the vessel.  Frank, was under, loading the heavy torpedo, when a loud, thundering noise was heard above deck.  The Germans had fired a missile, and obliterated the deck.  Captain Kade had called for backup, and it was there.  The American fleet fired a missile and destroyed part of the German ships deck.  When the torpedo was ready, and launched, it was estimated that it would take 10 seconds for the torpedo to hit the ship.

Frank put the torpedo at full throttle, and in those 10 stressful seconds of waiting, the torpedo hit the German ship, blasting a huge hole in the side of the ship, which made the ship sink slowly.  The other American ships continued to fire the missiles until the ship was way under.  The German ship did manage to fire a few torpedoes before the ship sunk, and also radioed for help.

Captain Kade, sailed to the ship wreckage, and pickup 10 servivers.  Captain Kade sailed back to San Pedro to keep the prisoners.  After 6 days of traveling, German ships were seen on the horizon near Sable Island.  At 5 pm, the ships meet, and had a face off.  Captain Kade had called for backup, five hours before.  US ships were seen on the horizon.  The German ship fired a torpedo, and made a large hole in the hull.  The water rushed in, while the men were trying to board up the hole.  The men started up the water pumps.  USS Moosbrugger Still fought with the German ship, for 3 hours before the ship sank.  The other US fleet came and sunk the German ship, and picked up the American and German survivors.  The American survivors was 30, and the German survivors was 27.

The American fleet traveled for San Pedro.  For 20 days, Captain Kade stayed on the ship, sailing for San Pedro.  Fill, and Frank were among the survivors of the battle, and stayed together at San Pedro for ten days, before going to the airport, and going to Pearl Harbor for the Submarine.

Chapter: 8

Kade’s New Vesicle

The USS Kentucky was a nuclear powered sub.  The sub could stay underwater for 90 days, the only supplies that made the sub resurface was food.  That is right, the sub could stay underwater for 5 years, if the sub had the supplies to do so.  Nuclear powered vessels can stay out on sea for five years, before they have to come to land for more fuel and supplies.

Captain Kade went into the sub, and headed out of port.  Traveling at 25 knots, Captain Kade test fired the weapons at the island of Ka’ula.  At Ka’ula, Kade fired on of the missiles and hit the island.  The loud thundering noise was heard for miles.  Captain Kade ordered that all of the missiles to be fired.  The missile directors did what they were told to do.  The island was hit in the same spot every time.  All of the missiles hit the island at the same time.  The loud thunder of noise was heard through the water and for miles.  Near by ships heard the noise, and saw the fireball and smoke coming from the island.  Captain Kade sailed back to Pearl Harbor, with nothing but torpedoes.

On the way back, Captain Kade saw on the radar, an enemy ship.  Captain Kade ordered the ship to be shot, with the torpedo.  One torpedo was loaded and fired.  The torpedo was carefully guided to its target, and in 20 seconds time, the ship was hit.  Before the hit, the eyeglass thing was raised, and Captain Kade saw the hit.  Water was thrown high into the air, the ship, having a hole in the hall, foundered in minutes.  Kade went to the wreck and helped the survivors.  Captain Kade took all of the survivors to Pearl Harbor, and had them take the USS Hornet to San Pedro.

The USS Kentucky had MK-48 torpedoes, and 24× Trident II D-5 ballistic missiles.  The sub was 170 m long, 13 m beam, and 12 m draft.  It had 1× S8G PWR nuclear reactor, 2× geared turbines, 1× 325 auxiliary motor, and 1× shaft  60,000 shp.  Captain Kade loaded 24 more missiles onto the sub.  He set sail for New York, and was to sail into port in 16 days.

Kade started to sail, and was just off the coast of Hawaii, when one of the men rushed to Captain Kade and said, “Captain, there is a leak”.

Captain Kade replied, “How big is the hole”?

The man replied, “10 cm in diameter”.

Captain Kade said, “Board up the hole, we are going to turn around and go back to port at Pearl Harbor”.

The man did as he was told, and with a few of his crew members, patched up the hole.  Captain Kade turned the sub around, and headed for Pearl Harbor.

At Pearl Harbor, the construction workers fixed up the hole properly, and Captain Kade ordered that they are now going to go full steam or speed.  They were now a day behind schedule, and had to catch up, and the only way to get to New York in time was to go full steam/speed.  After traveling 3 days at full steam, Captain Kade noticed a German ship out ahead.  Captain Kade made a plan, the plan was that they should go down 800m and go under the ship, and fire a missile.

The men went down 800 m and then fired a missile.  The German ship was obliterated, and sunk in seconds.  Captain Kade left all the survivors out on the ocean, and went on to New York.

Chapter: 9

Jarom meets Kade

Captain Jarom sailed for New York on the USS Captain.  Sailing for 16 days Captain Jarom arrived in the New York harbor.  Both Captain Kade and Captain Jarom were to meet at New York.  Both of the Captains were already good friends, and had been BFFs since 5 years old.

Captain Kade told Captain Jarom that he became Captain 6 months after him.

Captain Jarom said, “You have been in the navy longer then I have, but I became Captain before you”.

Kade replied, “Yes, you have only been in the navy for just over 2 years, and I have been in the navy for nearly 11 years”.

Captain Kade and Captain Jarom went to the war Generals office.

The war general said, “You two are going to leave New York tomorrow, and head for Germany with a fleet of 20.  Since Captain Jarom has served longer as a Captain then you Captain Kade, he is in command, and you Captain Kade are in second command”.

The War General went on, “Captain Jarom, you divide up the fleet”.

Captain Jarom gave 10 ships to Captain Kade to command.

The next day arrived, and the two friends and the fleet of ships left port.  Traveling on the calm seas towards Germany, Captain Jarom saw something on the radar.

Tray looked at the radar, and said, “Airplanes”.

Captain Jarom said, “Everyone prepare for a battle.  Get the guns ready, enemy planes are headed this way”.

Everyone, on all ships, rushed to their stations, and loaded all of the gatling guns.  After 2 minutes Captain Jarom and Tray saw another larger green dot on the radar.  Tray said, “It is a fleet of ships”.

Captain Kade ordered that the USS Hornet must launch all of its planes to meet the enemy planes ahead.

The USS Hornet launched all of the planes, and all of the planes went toward the enemy.  After 25 minutes of flying, they reached the enemy.  The enemy had 100 planes to the 50 plane American army.  The USS Hornet kept 50 planes on board, and launched them an hour later.

The fight was bad, and the Americans almost took down all of the enemy planes, but 25 enemy planes came towards the fleet of American ships.  The total fighting time between the planes was 1 hour.  The enemy, thinking the USS Hornet had no more planes on board, came after the fleet.

But that American planes were launched, and there was another air battle, and this time, the rest of the enemy planes were destroyed, and the American force moved towards the enemy fleet.

The German fleet of ships was 10 ships.  The Americans totaled 50, that includes the planes.  The Germans fired a missile at the USS Hornet, and the planes shot the missile, and 10 seconds they heard the loud explosion, 12,360 m away.  The planes flow to the German ships, and started the attack.  Captain Kade and Captain Jarom could see the fire and smoke from the battle, with the aid of a telescope.  The fighter planes bombarded the German ships with bombs and small torpedoes, and with the fire of the 50 cal machine gun.

The Germans fired at the American aircrafts, destroying them as they came.  By the time the rest of the American fleet arrived at to aid the American ships, their was just 15 planes left.

But with the aid of the destroyers, and battleships, the Germans had no power to fight and destroy the American fleet.  In just 5 hours after the American fleet arrived and fought the German fleet, the Americans won.

Captain Jarom radioed in to the war General and said, “We need backup, and more aircrafts.  We are only 1,750 miles at sea”.

Captain Jarom gave the General the Cordanints of the ships.  Captain Jarom ordered that all of the ship’s turn around and meet the airplanes coming.

After 2 days, Captain Jarom had the airplane’s on board the USS Hornet, and he headed back to Germany.

4 days later,the American fleet arrived in the North Sea, right by Germany.  Captain Jarom asked Tray to check the radar, and when Tray came back he said, “More German ships and planes coming this way”.

Chapter: 10

Second Battle Together

Captain Jarom ordered that ten ships go back, that includes the USS Hornet and USS Kentucky, and circle the planes and come from behind.  Captain Kade took his fleet and did what Captain Jarom said.

Captain Kade went behind the German force in 1 hour, and launched all of the US planes from the USS Hornet.  The battle above the battleships that Captain Kade left, was huge, but when the US planes came in, the Germans turned their fire upon the American planes.  When the two forces collided in the air, there was a huge battle between Americans and Germans, that is when Captain Kade and Captain Jarom saw another green dot, this time bigger then the planes, coming their way.

Fill on the USS Kentucky was busy cooking lunch when a order came through the speakers, saying, “German fleet of ships, launch 4 missiles at the German fleet”.

Everyone, on all ships went to their possessions to get ready for the battle.  1 hour, 2 hours, 3 hours, the German fleet was there firing at the Americans, and damaging the ships, in fireballs.  The USS Kentucky fired a torpedo, and struck, and sunk a German ship.  Captain Jarom ordered that all of the Gatling guns to be turned on, and the US Planes to go to the German fleet.

The Gatling guns, shredded all of the German planes, destroying them all.  Plane after plane after plane, exploded into a fireball, with the rest of the plane crashing into the water, or occasionally into the German or US fleet ship.  The German air force was destroyed, and the German ships were getting destroyed.  Captain Jarom, ordered that the US fleet to go around the German fleet, and circle the Germans.  With this technic Captain Jarom, ordered every shot from the US ships, to be fired in the middle.

The Germans, were destroyed, and the US fleet had to go back to America, New York harbor, to get fixed up.

Traveling back was a challenge, because the German ship was behind the American fleet, pursuing them.  Captain Jarom ordered Captain Kade to go 800 m below the sea surface and go behind the German fleet and take them out with torpedoes and missiles.

Captain Kade did this, and the German fleet got smaller, and smaller, until Captain Kade run out of torpedoes and missiles.  By this time there was just 5 German ships, fleeing for their lives.  Captain Kade came up to the USS Captain, and reloaded up with torpedoes, and missiles.

After the long journey to New York, the ships were fixed and ready to go in 10 days.

Captain Kade and Captain Jarom, set off with the fleet of ships back to Germany, when about half way to Germany, a fleet of German ships were headed their way.

Chapter: 11

Fighting Together

The German fleet was 10 knots away, and each side was going 20 knots per hour.  20 knots is 23.0156 mph.  After 15 minutes, both the German and the American fleets meet.  The Germans had 5 Japanese ships, and 10 German ships, the Americans had 20 ships in all.  The American ships fired first, and the USS Hornet launched 100 planes.  10 of the planes were bombers, and ten other planes carried torpedoes.

The bomber planes went for the Japanese ships, two to one was the ratio.  The planes with the torpedoes went each one to a Japanese ship.  The planes were fighting the Japanese ships, and the Germans were fighting the American fleet of ships.  Captain Kade launched a torpedo and hit one of the German ships, not sinking the ship.  Captain Kade then went behind the German fleet and launched torpedoes, and sunk a German ship.  The Germans, seeing the USS Kentucky, fired at it, damaging the hull.

Captain Kade went under water, and launched a missile destroying the German ship, and raining water on the other ships.  The German ship tipped over, knocking a Japanese ship beside it.  The Fighter planes continued to bombard the Japanese ships, sinking 2 of them, and damaging the rest.  The Germans sunk 3 of the US ships, and seeing that they were going to lose the battle, just fled.  The fighter planes continued to attack the fleet of ships, until Captain Jarom gave the order to land the planes.  In all the US lost 3 ships, and 30 planes, the Germans lost 4 ships, and the Japanese lost 2 ships.  The US lost 50 men, and the Germans and Japanese lost 348 men.

Captain Jarom ordered the fleet to go back to New York, to repair the ships.  Captain Jarom’s ship had minor damage done to it.  Captain Jarom repaired his ship, and set sail for Pearl Harbor, with Captain Kade.

After traveling for 16 days, Captain Jarom and Captain Kade arrived at Pearl Harbor.  Pearl Harbor had change since they were their last.  The reconstruction made the harbor look nice.  They also found that 3 ships had sunk, the USS Utah, the USS Oklahoma, and the USS Arizona.   Even though the damage to the harbor was great, it took shape again, just like magic.  There were battleships in the harbor, and ships coming and going every day there.

Captain Kade and Captain Jarom docked on the East side of the harbor.  There was a meeting there, and that is why Captain Kade and Jarom went.  The meeting lasted 3 hours.

Captain Kade booked two rooms, one for Captain Jarom and the other for him.

The night went by, and then came the day.  Captain Kade and Jarom left harbor that evening, headed for New York, to pick up the rest of the fleet and head out to Germany again.

Chapter: 12

The End is Near

Traveling over the Panama canal, Captain Kade saw a green dot on the radar, in the ocean.  It was just one green dot, no more.  Captain Kade told Captain Jarom, and showed the green dot to him.  Captain Jarom radioed in to the control center.

Captain Jarom said, “Do you have any US ships, planes near the Panama canal?”

Person in the control center replied, “No, it might be a enemy ship.”

Captain Jarom said, “Okay, thanks, and can we fire at the object?”

Person in the control center replied, “No, first check it out.”

Captain Jarom and Captain Kade went to the object on the radar, and saw a German ship there.  The German ship saw the two American vessels coming for it, fled.  Captain Kade fired a torpedo at the ship, hitting the ship from behind, damaging the rudder.  The ship could only go around in a circle.  Captain Kade fired another torpedo, followed by a missile from both of the American vessels.  The German ship, was hit, and went up in flames, and sunk, in 56 minutes.  Captain Jarom took the survivors to New York, putting them on a prisoner ship, headed for San Pedro.

Captain Jarom was a nice, kind captain.  He treated everyone with respect, and that even includes the prisoners.  After taking the prisoners to New York, and getting the American fleet and going to Germany, they arrived there in time.

At Germany, Captain Kade sailed north, and Captain Jarom sailed south along the coast of Germany.  Captain Kade spotted a German ship, coming his way.  Captain Kade radioed in to Captain Jarom, that he has found a German ship, of the coast.  Captain Jarom then replied that he had found two German ships, headed his way.

Off to battle.  Captain Jarom ordered that all of the planes need to be launched, half of them go to Captain Kade and the rest will help here.  The pilots did their job, and sank a German ship.  The Germans fired their gatling guns at the planes, destroying them.  Plane after plane was shot down, until there was no more to fight.  Captain Jarom with his fleet of ships, attacked the German ship, bombarding the ship, until it blow-up to smithereens, and sank to the bottom of the ocean.

Captain Kade was fighting the other German ship.  This ship was torpedoed, missiles, and bombarded, but would not sink.  Captain Jarom came into the fight, and after hours and hours of fighting the German ship, the rudder was hit by a torpedo, disabling the turning, and with that, Captain Kade and Captain Jarom won the battle.  The ship that was said to be unsinkable, sank in hours.

Captain Kade and Captain Jarom, sailed back to Pearl Harbor, staying there for the rest of the war, which both of them knew, that it was going to end soon.

The date was August 20th 1945.

Chapter: 13

The Treaty

Just 11 days later, Japan, and Germany surrendered, the treaty was signed, and the Allies won the war.  When the treaty was signed to end the war, all of the US fleets came back to Pearl Harbor, and other harbors in America.  The US celebrated the end of the war.  Captain Jarom and Captain Kade, became wealthy men.  Captain Jarom bought the USS Captain with some of his wealth.  The ship that he was on, most of the war, was now his.  Captain Jarom decided to go around the world on the ship.  He asked Captain Kade if he could come with, and Tray to.

When the day of departure came, Fill died from a heart attack.  The friends scraped the trip, and went to Fills funeral.  Fill was a good friend to Captain Kade and Captain Jarom, and Tray.  Fill was 47 when he died.

Captain Jarom wanted to go around the world still, and made another departure date.  The trip was cancelled again, because of the Atlantic hurricane.  The hurricane lasted about 4 months and 7 days starting from June 20th and went to October 13th 1945.

After the hurricane Captain Kade and Captain Jarom, with Tray, left port, and went around the world, heading east and coming back to the US from the west.  The trip took them 50 days to complete.  They visited Bermuda, South Africa, Madagascar, Australia, New Zealand, and went back to Hawaii.

Captain Jarom, wherever he went in America, people respected him, and also Captain Kade.

Chapter: 14

Around the world in the USS Captain

Captain Jarom and Captain Kade and Tray, were walking downtown in Salt Lake City, looking for a cook that would cook for them on the ship.  They found a guy by the name Owen.  Owen was a good cook, and was hired before Captain Jarom’s second trip around the world.  Owen was 6 ft tall, and weighed 178 lbs.  His age was 25 years, and single.  He was out on the streets when Captain Jarom walked by, talking about cooking, to his friends.

Captain Jarom asked him, “Do you need work, sir?”

The man said, “Yes.”

Captain Jarom asked, “Can you cook for 20 people?”

The man said, “Yes.”

Captain Jarom asked, “What is your name, sir?”

The man said, “Owen, sir.”

Captain Jarom said, “Well, Owen you are hired to cook for 20 people on the USS Captain.  Is that alright with you?  We will be going around the world.”

Owen said, “Yes, it is fine.  Okay when do we leave, Captain?”

Captain Jarom said, “In two days.”

Owen was happy, skipping home and packing his clothes into a bag for the trip.  The two days passed, and Captain Jarom went to his ship with Owen.

On board the USS Captain, Captain Jarom started the engine of the ship.  It was 12 pm, the boilers were on for 4 hours, heating the water to steam, to drive the turbines, to move the ship forward.  The ship moved at a speed of 10 knots, until the ship was out of harbor, then Captain Jarom boosted the speed up to 35 knots.

5 hours later, Owen had made food for the 20 people on board.  This was day one for the trip around the world.  Captain Jarom’s first stop would be at the end of South America.  15 days later, the USS Captain arrived at the horn of South America.  Their Next destination was South Africa.  That took Captain Jarom 8 days.  From South Africa to Madagascar, it took 4 days.  From Madagascar to Australia, it took 11 days.  From Australia to New Zealand, it took 4 days.  From New Zealand to Hawaii, it took 10 days.  At the Hawaii islands, Captain Jarom slowly sailed around the islands for 8 days, and then came back into Pearl Harbor.  60 days in all was the travel time.

Chapter: 15

The Trip Around the World that destroyed the USS Captain

One year later.

For the annual ship trip around the world, Captain Jarom got all of his friends together.  Captain Kade was the co-captain of the ship, and if anything happens to Captain Jarom, the ship goes to Captain Kade.  Tray got 1-3 of Captain Jarom’s wealth and Owen got 1-3 of the wealth two.  Off the friends went, 20 people in all, and 60 days to travel.  On the first day of their travels, Tray spotted a whale.  Tray told everyone on board, to come and look at the whale.  20 people came, looked out at the whale, took pictures of the whale, for memory sake.

The next day Captain Jarom arrived at the large island of Hawaii.  The person with the best picture took it to the press and got it published, and sent over mainland America.  For the next 4 days of traveling, the whales followed the ship.  Seven days after the whales, Captain Jarom sailed into the Panama canal.  10 hours in the canal, and the ship was out.  Captain Jarom sailing close to the coast of south America, for ten days, sailed to Africa.  Sailing around Africa, they saw dolphins up ahead.

Captain Jarom said on the radio, “Those dolphins are smaller than an average sized human.”

From Africa to Madagascar, Captain Jarom said, “A long time ago, dodo birds lived on Madagascar.”

On their way back to Pearl Harbor, Captain Jarom hit a depth charge, making a hole in the hull of the ship, sinking to the bottom of the sea.  Everyone died.


No copying allowed, or rebloging.

Modern Gatling Guns


How did WWI begin?

WWI started out with the Anglo-Prussian wars in 1756.  The wars were to tell the people of Germany, who was the leader of the country.  Anglo was the largest and most powerful state in Germany, Prussia was the second.  The war lasted for ten weeks, Prussia won the war, and all of the smaller states joined Prussia, making Prussia the main power in Germany.

Germany having been through a battle, allied itself with Russia, and Austria-Hungary, the two neighboring countries.  With the Allies, Germany started to make steam ships, and a large army.  Prussia started its industrial revolution and became the second largest industrial country, behind Great Britain.  Prussia made the double Treaty that was between Prussia and Austria-Hungary.  Italy joined in the Treaty making the Triple Treaty.  Russia, and France, seeing that Prussia was growing to fast, allied themselves.  Then Great Britain Allied with Russia and France.

WWI didn’t start with the 6 large countries, but started with the smaller countries.  Serbia, a small country, allied with Russia, assassinated the Archduke, Franz Ferdinand.  They hoped that when they assassinated the Archduke hair, that Austria-Hungary would give back Boznean, but it just started a large war.  Austria-Hungary then declared war on the small country of Serbia pulling in Russia and the other major countries.

This war lasted 4 years, 3 months, and 2 weeks.

The countries on the side of the Allies were:



Great Britain









United States of America



The countries on the side of the Axis were:

Germany / Prussia


Ottoman Empire


Losses for the Allies:

5,525,000 Military dead

12,831,500 Military wounded

4,121,000 Military missing

22,477,500 total.

Losses for Axis:

4,386,000 Military dead

8,388,000 Military wounded

3,629,000 Military missing

16,403,000 total.

Strength of the Allies:

42,959,850 Military.

Strength of Axis:

25,248,321 Military.


19th century Inventions

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Hello, in this essay you will learn about some of the 19th century inventions as it says it in the title of the essay. The first topic will be on trains, the next will be on steam powered ships, planes, the gold rush in California, American Civil War, War of 1812 and Nukes. You may learn a thing or two in this essay and if you like it, then please hit the like button.


America has an area of 3.806 million mi2, with a population of 3.18 million people. But in the 1800’s the American people only inhabited the east coast of the country. The Americans then later settled the west coast and then went on to settle the inward parts of the country. How did all of this happen? Steam trains. It took a family 6 months to 1 year to travel from the west to the east, but when the steam train came into opperation, it only took 1 week to 4 weeks to get from coast to coast.

Before trains where invented, steam boats were in business and making the best traveling source by transporting goods up and down the river. It was cheap and effective. But there was one problem, if the goods had to be transported from east to west, land was in the way, so they had to go down rivers and go up the another to get to the town. To get around this, they made canals which connected river to river. The boats soon started transporting people to places.

Before you knew it, both England and America had steam boats. Could they now make a train that was powered by steam? They did start with the rocket. The rocket was not the first train, but it was a fast one. If you look at a picture of the Rocket, you would say that is not a train, but it is, and was made in 1829. Its top speed was 28 mph which is 45 km/h. The first train ever built was called Puffing Devil made by Richard Trevithick, and completed on 21 February 1804.

More faster trains were made and could go up to 50+ mph.

When the American Civil war began, trains were very important to transport troops from all over the country to the battlefield. This made it easier and faster to get troops in and out. But if the enemy was in control of the rail road, they would win the war since they would use the opponent’s rail way and trains to win.

The railway line was all over the USA, making goods and food, fuel, and more, faster and easier to transport goods, as well as opening up the possibility of inhabiting the rest of the country. Without trains, we would probably still have not populated the USA.  But thanks to trains and steam power, we moved on to electric and combustion engines to power the mode of transport.

Most of the people in the world probably don’t have a car because they are in a third world country. But those who have cars should be happy that they don’t have to walk from point A to point B.

Steam Powered Ships:

The name Titanic, means gigantic, from the greek mythology.  If you are going to understand the power of steam, then you will have to find the first steam engine.  But in these paragraphs, there is things on the two ships that were just cm, shorter than the Titanic.

The first steam powered ship was built and designed by John Fitch. This ship averaged 13 km/h. This ship was mostly made out of wood. The spot on where the boiler would go was made out of iron.

The Titanic was launched on the 31st of May 1911, but was only completed on the 2nd of April 1912. This ship’s sisters were the RMS Olympic and HMHS Britannic. The RMS Olympic was launched on the 20th of October, 1911 and went out of service in 1935. While the HMHS Britannic came into service on 23rd December, 1915 and sank from a explosion on 21 November 1916 near the island Kea in the Aegean Sea.

All three ships looked the same, the Titanic’s length was 269.1m, the Britannic’s length was 269.06m, and the Olympics length was 269 m. The Titanic’s tonnage was 46,328 GRT, Britannic’s tonnage was 48,158 GRT, and the Olympics tonnage was 46,439 GRT.

The Titanic could go 44km/h with all 3,547 passengers on board. The Olympic and the Britannic could only go 43km/h. All three ships were made out of Steel. All three ships cost about 7.5 Million USD to make.

The Titanic, before it hit a iceberg, was warned to look out for icebergs, and to keep on the lookout until the ship docked safely at New York harbor.  The ships that radioed in, more like telegraft in, just was in that part of the sea, and that is why they warned every ship.

The night before the ship hit the iceberg, the crew were on watch, looking out for icebergs without binoculars.  Things that they did wrong, was that the captain was going at full speed, which was 44km/h, and he didn’t listen to the warnings, and that the crew on the lookout didn’t use the binoculars.  So when the iceberg was seen, the captain tried to swerve out of the way, instead of hitting the iceberg straight on.  If they hit the iceberg straight on, all of those people could still be alive, and the ship would have had a large dent in the front.

The crew thought they had just grazed the iceberg and there was no damage, but the iceberg shaved off the heads of the rivets, and uncovered about five watertight compartments.  The ship that people thought and said was unsinkable, began to go under the surface of the water.  It took two hours for the Titanic to sink completely.  Before the Titanic sunk, the telegrapher’s set out the S.O.S. signal, which means Save Our Souls.  This signal was a new one.  The Titanic also shot fleers for nearby ships to come and help them.  A ship only came two hours after the Titanic was out of sight, and there was only 710 survivors, and 1514 died.

First Planes:

The Wright brothers known as Orville and Wilbur, built the first airplane and went on the first powered flight. Orville was a Printer/publisher, bicycle retailer/manufacturer, airplane inventor/manufacturer and pilot trainer.

Wilbur was a Editor, bicycle retailer/manufacturer, airplane inventor/ manufacturer and pilot trainer. Orville dropped out of high school after his junior year to start a printing business in 1889, having designed and built his own printing press with Wilbur’s help. Wilbur joined the print shop, and in March the brothers launched a weekly newspaper, the West Side News. Subsequent issues listed Orville as publisher and Wilbur as editor on the masthead.

Yes, I almost forgot that Orville was born on August 19, 1871 and his brother Wilbur was born on April 16, 1867. Wilbur died exactly one year and one day before the Titanic was launched at the age of 45. Orville died at the age of 76 on January 30, 1948. The first plane was made on December 17, 1903.

Their first flight was in Kitty Hawk, and was for 12 seconds, this was sent by telegram to their father but there was a miss hap, the guy who did the Morse code put down 59 seconds instead of 12 seconds. The Wright brothers made three planes.

The California Gold Rush:

Gold costs $1320 per once. This is pretty expensive.

Gold in the gold rush of California was estimated to be $12 million once – which, in today’s terms, is over $16 billion. The gold rush started at a saw mill on the American river going through North California. The gold was spotted and examined. It was said to be gold, the founder of the gold flakes told his boss. His boss told him not to tell anyone. But the word got out and soon 380,000 people flocked to the west in search for gold.

The gold was taken and at its peak was worth about $81 million annually.

It dropped down to $46 million annually.

To mine gold from rivers you need a pan and a spot on the river. Look for gravel and sand together. Grab a hand full of it and put it into your pan and wet it. After that you put some more water into your pan and swirly it around. Then you shake it side to side, move it forward and backwards in the water to get some of the dirt out. You repeat the process.

The American Civil War:

 If you have not heard about the civil war, then you will find it interesting to know that 675,000 – 900,000 people were killed in that war.

The 11th battle was called “First Battle of Bull Run”, also know as “First Manassas”, which happened on July 21, 1861. Just to let you know, it was the Confederate States of Ameriaca (CSA) that fought against the USA.  On the US side, they had 2,896 casualties and the CSA ended up with 1,982 casualties.

Another tip is that the CSA was once apart of the US. The strength of the armies in this battle was 18,000 each. In this battle the Confederate States won a victory.

The battle after the First Manassas was the Battle of Wilson’s Creek, which took place on August 10, 1861. The strength of the US was over 5,430, and on the Confederate side, was more than 12,120. The casualties on the US side tallied up to 1,317 and on the Confederate side amounted up to 1,232 casualties.

The next major battle was called the Battle of Carnifex Ferry, which was a small battle that took place on September 10, 1861. Fighting for the Union was over 5,000 soldiers and for the Confederacy was over 2,000. The Union were victorious this time.

Another major battle, called the Battle of Cheat Mountain occurred on September 12-15, 1861. The Union had 3,000 soldiers and the Confederate had 5,000. Once again, the Union received victory.

The last major battle that I’d like to mention was called Battle of Ball’s Bluff.  It took place on October 21, 1861. The Union had 1,720 soldiers and 1,002 casualties while the Confederate had 1,709 soldiers and 155 casualties. The Confederate won the battle.

In all there were over 8,000 battles that took place. Sometimes the Union won, and other times the Confederate won. But in all this fighting the Union was victorious. 

War of 1812:

The war started because of the British. The British started to take Americans on board there ships to go to war. This was illegal and was practically kidnapping.

The States only declared war on June 1812. The first battle was a success to the Americans because they just went up to a fort and told the British in the fort to surrender. The British where out numbered 5 to 1.

The Brits went to the next fort and surrendered. The Americans took over the fort and stayed they. On April 27, 1813 the Americans took over Toronto and burned it to the ground. After that, they had a sea battle and the Americans won that as well. The Americans had smaller and more ships than the Brits had. The British weren’t trying their hardest until they beaten Napoleon at Waterloo. Even then they failed to over run America.

Battle after battle the Brits would win. The Americans won some of the battles too, but the battle of Washington the Americans lost. The Brits just walk into the city and burned down all the government buildings and ate dinner at the white house before burning that down to.

That was not the last battle. Battles still went on. Fort McHenry was the second last battle. This bombardment lasted for 25 hours nonstop, and in the morning the flag still was there and the British just left. The bombs that the British where using weight 190 lb cast iron bombs. I will post a link to the video. Over 1500 of these bombs where thrown at the fort, and it still withstood the blasts.

At the end of the battle, Francis Scot Key wrote the Star Spangled Banner which became the national anthem for the USA. But there was still one more battle that was about to happen. The Battle of New Orleans. The battle started with the British coming toward New Orleans, over 10,000 Brits to 4732 Americans. In that battle the Americans won a great victory, for the Brits ran away. The total American soldiers killed and wounded, was 333. For the British 2,459 soldiers were lost, killed, and wounded. This was the last battle of the war of 1812.


Nukes are also known as Atomic bombs. Nukes are set off with uranium that is put into a chamber. An uranium bullet will hit the chamber to make the nuke explode.

40% of the uranium is in the chamber and 60% of the uranium is the bullet. Behind the bullet is an explosive that makes the bullet fly down into the chamber. A thermonuclear weapon weighing little more than 2,400 pounds (1,100 kg) can produce an explosive force comparable to the detonation of more than 1.2 million tons (1.1 million tonnes) of TNT.

The American’s first bombing with nukes was over Japan. The mushroom cloud rose 18 km above the bomb.  This bomb wiped out he entire city leaving nothing left.  Some people survived but the people under the bomb when it went off where instantly turned into carbon.  If you where under a nuke when it went off, you would not survive the heat.  The flash of the nuke was so bright that the light went right through your hands and appeared to be white as snow.  The Americans where targeting the military base that night.  Here are the photos before and after:

This is the exact same spot, you just see how much damage the nuke did.  The river did not change at all but the buildings were destroyed.  The people who survived the bomb had 3rd degree burns usually on there back.  When a nuke goes off and explodes it is very possible to survive the explosion and not to get radiation poisoning.  Step one is when you see a flash of light in the sky, drop to the floor immediately.  Step two is to stay there till the shock wave has passed, and step three is to make is to a shower and wash off all the radiation.  If you want to see a video of the bombing of Japan, just post in the comments.