The American Indian wars, were a bunch of wars that were fought from 1622-1924. The two main tribes of indians were Apache, and Navajo.
The Mexicans killed everyone in site. Geronimo, came back from hunting with friends, and found that his family was killed, his wife, three children, and his parents. He went hunting for the killers, but didn’t find them.
After the Mexican American war, the Apache land went to the Americans, that is when gold was found. Americans rushed to the gold, the apache would often ambush the Americans, killing many. The U.S. army went after Geronimo, but could not catch him. At one time, one third of the American army was after Geronimo. Geronimo was in every single paper in the U.S. He then was captured, but escaped four years later, and went on killing.
The army kept on chasing Geronimo until, Geronimo surrendered in 1886. Geronimo’s group spent, 27 years in prison. He lived only four more years. He died while riding home on his horse, when his horse rear ended, and he fell. He lived six days after that, dying at his nephew’s side.
The next tribe was Navajo. The leader in this tribe was Chief Joseph of the Nez Perce. Josephs father was the leader at the time and made peace with the Americans. After gold was discovered it the land of the Navajos, Americans took back the land that they had promised the Navajo people. To this Joseph the Elder took his bible and burned it. He would not sign over the land to the Americans. After Joseph the Elder’s death, Chief Joseph became leader. The Americans started to attack the Navajo tribe.
Chief Joseph, lead the people up north, to Canada to escape the Americans. This was also known as the greatest retreat in all history. Instead of fighting, they fled. But you are probably thinking that fleeing is for wimps, well fleeing from a war is brave. They went over 1400 miles, and were just 40 miles from the border when they surrendered. He gave one of the best speeches in American History:
“I am tired of fighting,” he said. “Our chiefs are killed. Looking Glass is dead. Toohoolhoolzote is dead. The old men are all dead. It is the young men who say, ‘Yes’ or ‘No.’ He who led the young men [Olikut] is dead. It is cold, and we have no blankets. The little children are freezing to death. My people, some of them, have run away to the hills, and have no blankets, no food. No one knows where they are perhaps freezing to death. I want to have time to look for my children, and see how many of them I can find. Maybe I shall find them among the dead. Hear me, my chiefs! I am tired. My heart is sick and sad. From where the sun now stands, I will fight no more forever.”
Today the Navajo tribe has over 300,460 people and the Apache tribe has over 111,810 people.
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