William of Orange

William of Orange


William of Orange was an ambitious nobleman who became a rebel leader and was honored for being a founder for a new Dutch state. He never visualized to have an independent state. In the castle of Dillendurg in April 24th 1533, William was born. When William was about to get the state of Orange he was raised Catholic, even though his parents were Lutheran, Charles V insisted to have a Catholic run the state of Orange. In 1544 William became prince of Orange.

He was raised in the royal court in Brussels learning French as a language. Starting from 1555 and onwards, William of Orange became a military commander, knight of the Order, governor of Holland, a member of the Council, and was the most powerful nobleman in the low countries. His relationship with Philip II quickly deteriorated, and William became the spokesman of a opposition party of nobles.

After the iconoclastic out break, William fled to Dillenburg, from 1568 he undertook several military assaults on low countries, bringing an end of Duke of Alva. William used propaganda to try and get people to fight, one of the products was the Dutch national anthem, but he had little success until sea beggars took Den Briel by accident in April 1st 1572.

Against expectations rebels in Holland and Zealand held fast well the perseverance of William of Orange. In 1576 peace was made with the provinces. William tried to bring unity by restoring the 17 Burgundian low countries under the nobles resolving religious differences, this did not last.

In 1580 Philip II placed a price on Williams head, William wrote a letter of Apolagie and the state General offered a oath of Abjuration, Resistance was justified because the king acted as a tyrant. On July 10 1584 Balthaser (a Catholic) shot William in the chest, but before the assassin could escape the city he was taken and exacted. Twenty-five years later the provinces became a Republic and William was regarded as there founding father.


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