Four of the thirteen Colonies

Four of the thirteen Colonies

6-5.15

First colony that was established in the United States of America was Virginia in 1607. When they got their they had to make a profit before a certain time. They tried to pay some of the debt but their ship to London was attacked and they were back to nothing. So on the first winter 32 out of 105 colonists survived starvation. The next year after that more people died and when the boat of supplies came the colonists wanted to return to England but Lord Thomas de la Warr did not allow them to go back. He brought more people to the colony to learn from the Indians how to farm. First profitable export was tobacco.

The second colony established was Massachusetts. Massachusetts was the first religious colony founded. The colony got its name from the Massachusetts tribe that lived right by the colony, they made friends with the Indians and had the first Thanksgiving together. When they came they where so late in the year that they could only built 7 houses out of 19. Only 53 out of 102(about half) people died the first year. Then in the spring time an Indian walked boldly into town and started a friendly relationship with them. The colonists got help from a Indian named Squanto to help and teach them how to farm and live off the land. That was the help they needed and many survived the next winters after that.

Pennsylvania was the second last colony established and was one of the best ones. Pennsylvania translates to Penn’s Woods and was founded by William Penn in 1681. They were great to the Indians by not fighting with them, by buying the land from them, and by respecting the Indians.

Georgia was the last colony that was established and was the furthest south. Georgia was established for people who were in debt, in prison,  homeliness and could not get a job. Three laws James Edward Oglethorpe(who was a general for the king of England) made was that they were not allowed to have slaves, or alcohol, and small land plots.  The colony grow slowly but when he let alcohol, slaves, and larger land plots, the colony grow faster. THE END!

YM CAMP

YM CAMP

Tent:

The tent was big,

but you had to dig.

To put the stakes into the ground,

other wise you are going round all night.

Oh how much fun it was.

Sleep:

We all slept in tents the first three nights,

but on the last night I slept out side in the light.

It was fun because the camp right beside us throe in lighters,

to make the fire go higher.

Oh how much fun it was.

Swim:

In the water so cold,

you could believe that it was gold.

all the minnows in the shallow,

where it was mellow.

Oh how much fun it was.

Eat:

On the first night we had stake,

it was crispy that it would brake.

Around the camp fire all night long,

where we sang songs.

Oh how much fun it was.

Biking:

On the root road,

where the rabbits and toads are.

Your are riding and hurting yourself,

but it was good for your health.

Oh how much fun it was.

Colony’s

Colony’s

21-5.15

City’s:

City’s where formed as a harbor town or a seat of government. Harbors where very important because they allowed ships to dock and unload, and it was manly used for trading with England and to take people to and from places.

As a seat of government they would have a house in the shape of a H, the resin for this is because there where to governments and they both staid in the same building. Each had there own wing and if they had to council they all came to the bridge that connected both wings together.

Kids and what they did:

You where considered a baby up to when you where 6 years old. Before that you had to where a podding around your stomach to protect you when you fell and that will help. When you where 6 years old they took the podding away and they gave you big kids clothes and before they where 6 they had nothing to do.

Boy’s wore a long or a short pants with a long sleeved shirt. Girls wore a dress with a apron. The games they played are similar to the games today such as checkers, nine pin, jack and ball, two hops and four sticks, cup and ball, hop and stick, and baseball.

Checkers is the game we play today with wood peaces and a wood board.

Nine pin is similar to balling, you have nine pins and two balls.

Jack and ball is where you throw the ball in the air and you try to pick up nine tacks.

Two hops and four sticks is where you try to fling the hop and catch your friends hop.

Hop and stick was when you would make the hop role using the stick, kids would race each other around the town square and try to see who could keep there hop rolling the longest.

Cup and ball was that you had a cup on a stick and a ball that can just barely fit in the cup, the ball was attached to a string.

Baseball had no rules in the 17th and 18th century and was called three cat, but there was other names for it.

Jobs that kids had was to do chorus around the house much like you do today. But they did not have electricity and indoor pluming, so no vacuum cleaner so they had to take the rug out to shake it. Other things they did was to help there dad do his work either around the farm or in town.

Kids could go to college when they where 13 years old or younger and they where considered a man when they could support them selves and this was sometimes at the age of 13. girls would get a hope cheats to put things into it so when she got married she could have stuff to put around the house. Girls where considered womans when they got married and that is as young as 15 years old.

The first school that kids went to was a school for reading and a woman that know how to read was put in charge. The only way to pass is to be able to read.

Job’s and houses in the colony:

The jobs were, Barber, Blacksmith, Cabinetmaker, Clockmaker, Cobbler, Doctor, Farmer, Grocer, Hatter, Miller, Sailer, Silversmith, Tailor, Tanner, Wigmaker.

Barber had two jobs and they where to cut people’s hair and to do blood letting. That is why there is white and red strips on there pole, white meant bandage and red meant blood.

Blacksmith worked with metal and he was also the town dentist. You did not want to go to the dentist because he would knock out your tooth.

Cabinetmaker made anything fancy like clock cases.

Clockmaker made clocks and also repaired them.

Miller was paid by the farmer to have his corn and wheat grained.

Sailer would work at the docks and would trade with England but sometimes they would sneak to France and would get a better trade.

Cobbler would make shoes and back then there was no right or left shoe.

Cooper made barrels.

Doctor was also the town pharmacist.

Farmer grow the crops and the meat.

Grocer sold food and sometimes cloths.

Hatter made hats.

Silversmith used silver to make plats and knifes, forks, spoons, cups, and bowls.

Tailor made cloths but most of the people made there own cloths because it was much cheaper.

The Tanner made mugs, saddles, some cloths, and anything that uses leather.

Wigmaker made wigs.

Houses where manly square in shape and at first made out of wood and strew. Later when different materials where found like stone and brick, and wood shillings that made the houses look nicer. When they built there houses they would do symmetric. The houses at first were small and some of the families had to build on to make a bigger house and it took the shape of a salt box.

You would think that not many people came to the colonies to live there, but you are wrong because more and more people came because of the freedom and the rights they had.

George Whitefield

George Whitefield

13-5.15

George was born in the Bell inn in December 27 1714 and was the fifth child out of seven. When the inn was in a hard time he was a servitor meaning he was at the lowest in college.

In college he meet the Wesley brothers and together they made a club called The holy club. Later on he went to America to preach to the people for repentance.

When he was there he went to the orphanage and made it his life. He went back to england to get funds for the orphanage. He made 7 trips in total from england to America.

George had a loud voice that could be heard for miles and he could preach to thousands of people at a time. Well Benjamin Franklin heard about George and how loud he was and a very good preacher.

He didn’t have a church to preach in so he preached in parks, fields, and other places. People said he could be heard from 5 miles away and you could still hear him clearly.

Franklin said to him self that if people say is true, then I will donate to the orphanage. Well after the meeting Franklin was a great friend to George and he donated his best buttons, all the coins in his pocket and more.

Whitefield died in the parsonage of Old South Presbyterian Church, Newburyport, Massachusetts, on September 30, 1770, and was buried, according to his wishes, in a crypt under the pulpit of this church. A bust of Whitefield is in the collection of the Gloucester City Museum & Art Gallery.

John preached the funeral in england for George Whitefield as requested.

To people he was the greatest preacher of all and he brought lots of people back to church and to have hight standards.

William of Orange

William of Orange

29-4.15

William of Orange was an ambitious nobleman who became a rebel leader and was honored for being a founder for a new Dutch state. He never visualized to have an independent state. In the castle of Dillendurg in April 24th 1533, William was born. When William was about to get the state of Orange he was raised Catholic, even though his parents were Lutheran, Charles V insisted to have a Catholic run the state of Orange. In 1544 William became prince of Orange.

He was raised in the royal court in Brussels learning French as a language. Starting from 1555 and onwards, William of Orange became a military commander, knight of the Order, governor of Holland, a member of the Council, and was the most powerful nobleman in the low countries. His relationship with Philip II quickly deteriorated, and William became the spokesman of a opposition party of nobles.

After the iconoclastic out break, William fled to Dillenburg, from 1568 he undertook several military assaults on low countries, bringing an end of Duke of Alva. William used propaganda to try and get people to fight, one of the products was the Dutch national anthem, but he had little success until sea beggars took Den Briel by accident in April 1st 1572.

Against expectations rebels in Holland and Zealand held fast well the perseverance of William of Orange. In 1576 peace was made with the provinces. William tried to bring unity by restoring the 17 Burgundian low countries under the nobles resolving religious differences, this did not last.

In 1580 Philip II placed a price on Williams head, William wrote a letter of Apolagie and the state General offered a oath of Abjuration, Resistance was justified because the king acted as a tyrant. On July 10 1584 Balthaser (a Catholic) shot William in the chest, but before the assassin could escape the city he was taken and exacted. Twenty-five years later the provinces became a Republic and William was regarded as there founding father.